Covid-19 – Questions and Answers

The COVID-19 – Coronavirus is a new virus that humanity has not faced before. People do not have antibodies to it or their immune system may not cope. Coronavirus is a serious infection and has the same risk as other serious illnesses. If you are infected with the virus, you should seek medical attention immediately to prevent further spread.


  • What are the symptoms of a person infected with coronavirus?


Symptoms depend on the virus, but common signs include respiratory symptoms: fever, cough, shortness of breath and difficulty breathing. In more severe cases, the infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure, and even death.


  • Is coronavirus transmitted from one person to another?

Yes, corona virus can be transmitted from person to person, usually after close contact with an infected patient, in the work environment or at a health care center.


  • Is there a vaccine for this new type of coronavirus?

When a disease is new, there is no vaccine for it, and it may take up to several years until a new vaccine is produced. Nevertheless, the scientists, doctors and specialists are doing intensive research. Once they have come up with some candidate vaccines to find the right one, they will be tested on animals affected with coronavirus. Testing will be done to see the safety and effectiveness of the vaccine. After that, the right vaccine will be distributed to people in bulk. According to the data, the vaccine will be released at the end of this year, or early next year.


  • What should I do to protect myself?

Standard recommendations to reduce exposure and transmission of a variety of diseases include: maintaining hand and respiratory hygiene, food hygiene practices, and when possible avoiding close contact with any person who exhibits respiratory illness symptoms, such as cough or sneeze.


  • Which category of people should be most concerned about the Coronavirus?

Seniors over 70 have a weak immune system, so they are the first to be affected. Residents of developing countries are also more exposed to the risk of the Coronavirus. People who have been affected by similar infections/viruses before should pay special attention. The rest of the population is less exposed.


  • Are healthcare personnel at risk of getting the coronavirus?

Yes, they may be at risk since as healthcare staff, they are in contact with patients more often than the general population. The WHO recommends that health care personnel consistently implement appropriate infection prevention and control measures.



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